When it comes to niacinamide, everyone who loves beauty must be familiar with it. Whether it is an international brand or a domestic product, there are niacinamide ingredients added. It can inhibit melanin, so as to achieve whitening effect; it can also repair the damaged stratum corneum lipid barrier, slow down skin aging, and enhance skin defense.
Niacinamide is indeed a good thing. It not only has a significant effect on cosmetics, but also has a position that cannot be ignored in food. Let’s take a look at the niacinamide in food together.
Niacinamide, also known as nicotinamide, is an amide compound of niacin. It is white crystalline powder; odorless or almost odorless, bitter; slightly hygroscopic. Soluble in water or ethanol, soluble in glycerin. Clinically, it is mainly used to prevent pellagra and stomatitis, glossitis, sick sinus syndrome, atrioventricular block and other problems.
Another substance, niacin, is to be introduced here. Niacin, also known as vitamin B3, is one of the 13 essential vitamins for the human body. It is a water-soluble vitamin and belongs to the vitamin B family. Nicotinic acid is converted into nicotinamide in the human body. Niacinamide is a component of coenzyme I and coenzyme II, and participates in lipid metabolism in the body, the oxidation process of tissue respiration and the process of anaerobic decomposition of carbohydrates. Niacin and nicotinamide are collectively called vitamin PP.
What is the role of niacinamide as a food additive?
Niacinamide is the source of compounds that make up the nutritional fortifier niacin (nicotinic acid). It is generally added to health food as a nutritional supplement to treat niacin deficiency caused by malnutrition or disease. Niacinamide is also a color aid, which can keep drinks from breaking down and changing color.
What foods contain niacinamide?
1. Animal food:
Meat foods contain a lot of niacinamide. Lean meats, lamb, beef, organ meats, liver, chicken, turkey, pork and rabbit all contain niacinamide. Fish such as tuna and halibut, eggs and dairy products are also some of the best sources of niacinamide.
Many vegetables are rich in niacinamide, such as tomatoes, carrots, cauliflower, radishes, and potatoes. Green leafy vegetables, beets and dandelions also contain niacinamide. Brewer’s yeast and brown rice are grain food sources of niacinamide. Additionally, this vitamin can also be found in peanuts, pine nuts, sunflower seeds, and sesame seeds.
What are the side effects of Niacinamide?
1. Overdose in early pregnancy may cause teratogenicity, so pregnant or lactating women should avoid it. Especially when drinking beverages, be sure to pay attention to the formula list.
2. Individuals can cause dizziness, nausea, epigastric discomfort, loss of appetite, etc., which can disappear by themselves.
3. Intramuscular injection can cause pain, so use less.
4. A small number of patients died of miosis, salivation, excessive sweating, elevated blood pressure, weakened breathing, convulsions, and paralysis.
5. Large doses can activate peptic ulcer, impaired glucose tolerance, liver damage and hyperuricemia. But it can be restored after stopping the drug.